What is PCOS? 
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a lifelong metabolic condition characterised by irregular periods, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries.  PCOS has largely been regarded in the past as a reproductive disorder.  It is now increasingly recognised that PCOS affects not only the menstrual cycle, hormones and fertility but also metabolism, appearance, mental health, sleep and the risk of endometrial cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.    
What are Polycystic Ovaries? 
You may think, as the name suggests, that Polycystic Ovaries means there are many cysts on the ovaries, but in fact the term “cyst” is misleading.  They are in fact immature follicles.  Polycystic ovaries tend to be slightly larger in size.  Its important to note that just because you have polycystic ovaries it does not mean you have PCOS, the syndrome.   
What are the symptoms of PCOS? 
PCOS patients often experience a range of different signs and symptoms of the condition which can change over the lifespan.  This can make diagnosis difficult.  Symptoms can include but are not limited to: 
Irregular or missing periods, problems ovulating or getting pregnant, having excess facial and body hair, loss or thinning of hair on your head, insulin resistance, rapid increase in weight, difficulty losing weight, acne, hidradentis superativa, anxiety, depression, mood swings. 
What causes PCOS? 
The cause of PCOS is not known.  PCOS is a complex genetic disease and it appears to run in families.  The characteristics of your PCOS is thought to be determined by the complex interplay of genes and environmental factors.  

Is there a cure for PCOS? 
A cure does not exist for PCOS.  However, there are various treatments that can help manage and reduce the symptoms and consequences of having the condition.  Some patients manage symptoms without any medical intervention.  It is, however, extremely important to gain a diagnosis as this will rule out other serious conditions that may cause similar symptoms.   
DISCLAIMER - Not medical advice.  PCOS Vitality do not advocate any specific course of action.

© PCOS Vitality, 2020.   

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